Between World Wars, History

Kalinin K-1 Soviet Passenger Aircraft

Kalinin K-1 Soviet Passenger Aircraft

The Kalinin K-1, also recognized as RVZ-6, served as a pioneering Soviet passenger plane designed to accommodate three passengers. Initiated by Konstantin Kalinin in 1925 at the Kharkov Aviation Institute, the K-1 was a response to the demand for an economical, sturdy, and easily maintainable aircraft raised by the Ukrainian airline Ukrvozdukhput in 1923.

This high-wing, strutted monoplane featured an elliptical wooden wing covered with fabric, coupled with a tubular steel-framed fuselage covered with aluminum sheeting at the rear of the cabin and fabric at the rear fuselage. Manufactured by RVZ-6 (Remvozdhukozavod factory) in Kiev, the K-1 underwent factory testing in the summer of 1925. Subsequently, in September 1925, it successfully completed state acceptance trials in Moscow, achieving a speed of 191 km/h (119 mph; 103 kn) with a full load at 3,000 m (9,800 ft).

Post its operational deployment, the decision was swiftly made to upgrade the original 170 hp (130 kW) Salmson RB-9 engine. Opting for enhanced power and modernity, Konstantin Kalinin and his team chose the 240 hp (180 kW) BMW IV engine. The K-1 found versatile applications, functioning primarily as an airliner, later adapting to roles such as air ambulance and agricultural aircraft, capable of carrying 400 kg (880 lb) of chemicals.

Photo: Kalinin K-1 Soviet Passenger Aircraft.
Date: unknown.

Original photo dimensions: 4960×3500 pixels, 300dpi.
This photo available for Wall Art Print without watermarks.

If you know more info about this photograph, please mention it in the comments.

© Exclusive photo from the private archive of Dmitry Linevich.

Wall Art with this photo

If you’re interested in wall art featuring this photo, please fill out the form, and we will provide you with a price offer within 1-2 business days.

Please enable JavaScript in your browser to complete this form.

Leave a Reply